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Abstract
Pharmaceutical Care and Research: 2018; 18(3):214-217
DOI: 10.5428/pcar20180315
Analysis of outpatient prescriptions of 21 public hospitals in Shanghai Songjiang District from 2008 to 2015
1. YANG ZhiWen1(1.Department of Pharmacy, Central Hospital of Shanghai Songjiang District, Shanghai 201600,China yangzhiwen2009@sina.com)
2. LU Qing2(2.Department of Pharmacy, Ledu Hospital of Shanghai Songjiang District, Shanghai 201600,China )
3. WANG HaiYin3(3.Shanghai Research and Development Center of Hygiene and Health,Shanghai 200030,China )
4. CHEN Jian1(1.Department of Pharmacy, Central Hospital of Shanghai Songjiang District, Shanghai 201600,China szxyx2006@163.com)
ABSTRACT  Objective: To investigate drug use in outpatient pharmacies of 21 public hospitals in Songjiang District of Shanghai from 2008 to 2015, so that theoretical evidences and reference could be provided for proper clinical medication. Methods:A sample survey was made in all the public medical facilities in Songjiang District of Shanghai from 2008 to 2015, including 7 secondary hospitals and 14 community health service centers. One hundred outpatient prescriptions per month were submitted by system random sampling method, totaling 201 600 prescriptions. Irrational use of drugs was evaluated by using related documents issued by the Ministry of Health of China and WHO. Results:In 2015, the average drug cost and average number of drugs per prescription were 113.36 yuan (RMB) and 2.05, respectively. The percentages of prescriptions using antibacterials and injections were 16.71% and 9.58%, respectively. The percentage of basic drugs prescribed from an essential drug list was 88.32% and the percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name was 100%. In addition, the percentages of prescriptions using antibacterials and injections and cost per prescription in community health service centers were significantly lower than those in secondary hospitals. Conclusion:Through intervention by supervising medical authorities and clinical pharmacists, rational use of drugs in outpatient pharmacies of public medical facilities has been significantly improved, and the percentages of antibacterials and injections in 2015 have met the demands of the Ministry of Health of China and WHO.
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Please cite this article as:
YANG ZhiWen1,LU Qing2,WANG HaiYin3,CHEN Jian1,. Analysis of outpatient prescriptions of 21 public hospitals in Shanghai Songjiang District from 2008 to 2015[J]. Pharmaceutical Care and Research / yao xue fu wu yu yan jiu. 2018; 18(3): 214-217.
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